Headaches, migraine and chronic tension caused by teeth clenching
Bruxism (tooth grinding and tooth clenching) has many effects on the sufferer, most commonly tooth wear and broken teeth. One of the most debilitating effects of bruxism is headaches, migraines and chronic tension headaches, and these symptoms often go untreated because who would think that its caused by tooth grinding or clenching? The severity of headaches can be assessed by using the HIT6 Questionnaire, using a series of six simple questions the level of severity can be monitored.
During sleep we all do strange things, such as snore, kick our legs and talk in our sleep. But one of the most common things we do at some time during our lives is grind our teeth. For lots of people this goes unrecognised, some people may notice their teeth are wearing down or breaking, but for the unlucky ones, they suffer with headaches and migraines.
Did you ever wonder what these symptoms have in common which all make your life miserable ?
They all are controlled and/or moderated by the Trigeminal Nerve System. When the muscles start making your jaw clench and grind your teeth, the trigenminal nerve system gets bombarded with signals, if the system is compromised then it is unable to handle the signals and is misinterpreted and can result in a noxious stimulus to the fluid surrounding the brain resulting in a pounding headache or migraine.
Eliminate head and neck pain caused by teeth clenching with the SCi £105
At Bamboo our Dental Splint Laboratory are dedicated to offering clinically effective and proven treatments for tooth grinding and tooth clenching. Bruxism (tooth clenching/grinding) is a very common issue effecting up to 80% of the population at some point during their lives. Often patients will go undiagnosed for many years suffering, often labelled with a TMJ dysfunction or atypical facial pain.
Bamboo Dental offer a comprehensive diagnosis and treatment service for bruxism and exclusively offer SCi appliance the most clinically proven appliance for bruxism, offering symptomatic relief and treatment for headaches and migraines.
Bruxism (“gnashing of teeth”) is a disorder that affects up to 80% of the population at some point during their lives. Bruxism is the grinding of teeth and clenching of the jaw that causes tooth wear, breakages, Temporomandibular Joint disorders (pain and limited movement of the jaw joint), migraines and headache. Both children and adults are affected and is most common in adults over 25 year old. Most people grind and/or clench their teeth occasionally and is usually worse during stressful periods.
There are many dental appliances available to patients, for many years full arch dental appliances have been more commonly used. More recently the introduction of smaller splints such as the SCi have proved to be extremely successful for reducing symptoms caused by tooth grinding and clenching.
Effects of Bruxism
Bruxism affects sufferers in many ways, some are short term side effects, but others are more long lasting and normally require a dentists intervention. Many symptoms are less likely to be linked to a Dental issue and are often left untreated for many years. It is very common for sufferers to have visited their GP and have had many investigations for other medical conditions and will have undergone MRI scans and brain scans amongst many other tests.
Short-term effects of bruxism
• Headaches and Migraines – People who clench and grind their teeth are 3 times more likely to suffer with regular headaches or migraines
• Facial myalgia (aching jaw & facial muscles) – Often diagnosed as Atypical Facial Pain
• Ear ache
• Sinus pains
• Stiff neck and shoulders
• Limited mouth opening
• Poor Sleep Quality
• Sleep disturbance of bed partner due to noise
• Tooth mobility and tooth loss
• Fractured tooth cusps and broken fillings
• Receding and inflamed gums
• Tongue Scalloping
Long-term effects of bruxism
• Prolonged untreated migraines
• Excessive facial muscle tone
• Temporomandibular Joint Disorder (sometimes called TMJD or just TMJ)
• Clicking or popping Jaw joint
• Tooth wear and tooth loss
Tooth wear and broken teeth
Bruxism is destructive, normal chewing and eating does not cause tooth wear or damage to your teeth. Your teeth should last you all your life and not wear down. If you grind your teeth you will be putting your teeth and gums under massive amounts of pressure. During sleep there is no feedback mechanism to tell your brain that your teeth are hurting because of too much pressure, hence we can put up to 40 times the amount of pressure on our teeth whilst we sleep, it is no surprise to see the amount of damage as in the picture above.
The most common signs of bruxism is shortened front teeth (incisal wear), in more severe cases we see signs (see above picture) such as cracks in enamel, abfractions (enamel loss at gum level), gum recession, bony exostosis, broken cusps of molar teeth and damage to restorations (crowns & bridges).
Treatment for Bruxism
There are many ways to manage Bruxism, the most common treatment is with Occlusal splints (Dental Appliances). There are many other therapies and treatments available but are generally seen as less effective. It is becoming more popular for Dentists to recommend a more holistic treatment plan, this may include combined treatments with Physiotherapist, Chiropractors and sometimes Hypnotherapists. Occlusal splints are generally designed to act as a mechanical separation of the teeth and may be as simple as a Soft mouthguard. Other dental treatments may also be considered as treatment, such as equilibration (grinding away tooth surface to make the teeth fit together better), orthodontics or crowns and veneers.
Most common types of Dental Splints
- SCi – small splint that fits over the front teeth
- Soft Mouthguards – often called ‘bite-raising appliances’
- Michigan or Tanner Stabilisation Splints – full arch splints
Other treatments for Bruxsim
- Restorations – Crowns, Bridges and veneers
SCi – Sleep Clench Inhibitor (previously known as NTI-tss)
The SCi is the most clinically effective FDA approved treatment for TMD, bruxism, and medically diagnosed migraines
TMD, bruxism, chronic tension headaches, migraine …
Have you ever wondered what these symptoms have in common? all of which make your patient’s life miserable
How does the SCi work ?
The SCi reduces parafunctional intensity of the temporalis, masseters and to a degree, the lateral pterygoids (the tiny muscles at your jaw joints that open your jaw), but still provides canine contact for temporalis clenching.
Try it yourself :
Take a pencil and place it between your molars or canines. With your hands feel the temporalis muscle bulge in the temple area.
Then transfer the pencil between your incisors and palpate the temporalis at the same spot on your temples again : do you feel the difference?
Studies show that the possible contraction intensity of the temporalis muscle when only the incisors occlude is reduced by an average of 70%!